Whether you are new to the wine scene or have been enjoying vino for decades, you probably have some idea of what different bottle closures mean to you. There are several options commonly seen throughout the wine world and the industry seeks to balance their elegance, budget, and environmental impact. Whether you turn up your nose at a screw cap or break a corkscrew in a plastic composite stopper, a brief look into what these closures mean is a fascinating investigation.
These classic stoppers became the gold standard for sealing wines in the 1800s, appropriately around the same time that modern corkscrews were developed. Natural cork is harvested from a variety of oak colloquially referred to as a "cork oak" which regenerates its spongy bark continually and can be harvested about once every decade. Producing natural corks can be a resource-intensive process, but the material is biodegradable. Some wine experts favor natural corks for their long-term aging wines because the tiny pores in the material allow miniscule amounts of air through, allowing the wine to develop over the years. On the other hand, this means that with the variation in the product there is a possibility for a variety of cork taints, making beautiful wine undrinkable.
Composite corks come in several different forms depending on the budget and preferences of the winemaker. These corks are also sometimes referred to as agglomerated corks, and incorporate ground up cork particles, sometimes mixed with other similar substances. These stoppers behave more like natural cork than other closure options, but with more consistency within the product. Champagne corks are traditionally composite corks, made of ground up natural corked and sealed with a food-safe adhesive. Most agglomerated corks are best used in wines that will be enjoyed young, as they break down more quickly than natural corks, though the technology continues to develop.
Though plagued by a stigma of being sub-par, screw caps do offer some advantages. One of the biggest risk factors in aging wine is oxidation, when too much air interacts with the wine and causes spoilage or even slightly off flavors. In the research done to compare and contrast various mainstream wine closures, screw caps have been shown to be the most effective for keeping wines safe from air. If you are going for a screw cap wine, white or rosé wines can be enjoyed for more years, as the screw top sealed bottles preserve the aromatic dynamics of the wine. There is some question if screw caps are the best for red wines because reds benefit from a tiny seep of oxygen, as referenced above in the discussion of natural corks.
As with composite corks, there are several varieties of synthetic corks that are widely available. Some synthetic corks are made from malleable plastics that mimic the porous nature of natural cork without the variability or risk of cork taint. Other synthetic cork varieties create this effect using only natural, biodegradable materials. Here at Rubino Estates, almost every wine is sealed with cork made from sustainable materials derived from sugarcane. This is one of many measures we take to do our part in reducing negative environmental impact at every stage of the winemaking process.
If you’re not already a bookworm, fall is the perfect time to get a reading habit started. There’s nothing cozier than a comfy sofa, a good book, and a glass of wine. This week, we’re bringing you book recommendations for wine lovers! There is something for everyone.
If you want a fiction book:
This witty mystery is set in the wine Country of Northern California (near and dear to our hearts) and swirls with discussion of excellent wine. Enjoy it as a “delectable, and fast-paced novel that, like a good Cabernet, only grows truly enjoyable once opened.”
If you want a coffee table book:
If you’re looking for a book that is big, beautiful, and makes both guests and yourself say “wow” then this book is for you! This collection of wines imagines a cellar that doesn’t exist, a cellar full of the best vintages of the best wines of all time.
If you want a good book for beginners:
This book is exactly what it promises to be! If you feel like diving into the world of wine but you aren’t sure where to start, crack open this book. Enjoy rich descriptions in common language without any pretentious flair. Wine is meant to be enjoyed!
If you want a book for quick reference:
This award-winning book is bursting at the seams with all the info you could hope for, broken down by region and varietal the world over. Most of all, it’s entertaining! Next time you pour a glass for a guest, pull out this book too, and let it do the talking.
If you want a book of science:
For our brainy wine lovers, we recommend diving into the processes behind crafting your favorite beverages. With a little bit of curiosity, wonder, and humor, you’ll get a peek into the science of what goes on behind the scenes and under the microscope.
If you want a book for everyone:
From the creators of the Wine Folly website, this book is fun and full of information that brings your experience of wine to the next level. Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned wine snob, you are sure to enjoy the easy and fascinating reading inside.
Whether you're looking for information or just a good time, there's a book for you. Happy reading!
What does your reading list look like? Show us @RubinoEstates.
Now that it's October, we firmly believe that it is the perfect time to pull out all of our favorite comfort food recipes. From rich stew to pumpkin pie, we're ready for the cuisine of autumn. This week, we are using this as an excuse to take advantage of our new Wine of the Month and cook up our favorite slow cooker Petite Sirah Meatballs. Full of flavor and lots of love, these meatballs are easy and so delicious you'll need another helping. Buon appetito!
- For the Meatballs
- 1 lb ground wagyu beef
- 1 lb ground pork
- 2 eggs
- ¼ cup Italian bread crumbs
- ¼ cup parmesan cheese
- 1/2 cup finely chopped sun-dried tomatoes
- 1/2 teaspoon smoked salt
- 4 cloves of garlic, minced
- 1 teaspoon dried parsley
- ¼ teaspoon dried basil
- ¼ teaspoon dried fennel
- ⅛ teaspoon dried oregano
- pinch red pepper flake
- For the Sauce:
- 24 ounces of preferred red pasta sauce (yes, store bought is fine!)
- ½ cup Rubino Estates Riserva Petite Sirah
- 2 whole bay leaves
- In a large bowl, thoroughly combine all ingredients for the meatballs, making sure to completely incorporate each ingredient. We recommend using your hands, and washing thoroughly afterward.
- Add the sauce, Petite Sirah, and bay leaves to a large slow cooker set to low and stir.
- Using your hands or a scoop, shape the meat into uniform meatballs and place them into the sauce.
- When all of the meatballs have been placed into the sauce mixture, cover and let cook on low for 6-8 hours. If you're in a hurry, cook on high for 4 hours.
(click here for a downloadable recipe card!)
We like to serve these with spaghetti because we appreciate a classic! Top with a hearty helping of fresh parmesan and fresh cracked black pepper, and your dish will shine.
If you're as hungry as we are now, then it's probably time to take advantage of the
wine of the month sale for yourself! Our Riserva Petite Sirah is worth it.
Now that it is officially fall, we feel that it’s time to cozy up with a warm, spiced coffee in the mornings and a lovely glass of wine in the evenings. To celebrate the return of the cozy season, we’ve developed a guide to what wine you may enjoy based on your coffee beverage of choice for fall.
If you like Cold Brew with Cream -
Try our Landmark Chardonnay! Enjoy the smoothest sips enhanced by a delicious creaminess on the palate. These chilled drinks are especially enjoyable in the balmy California autumn.
If you like a Locally Roasted Pour-Over -
You might like our critically acclaimed Club-Exclusive Tuscano. Crafted from a blend of Barbera and Cabernet with careful touches of Petit Verdot, Sangiovese, and Merlot, the experience of the Tuscano brings out the best of its components the way pour-over brewing allows both the subtle and bold flavors to shine.
If you like a simple Iced Latte -
Then you should enjoy sipping on our Salute Rosé. Crafted from 100% Sangiovese, this Rosé is worth enjoying all year long. Aromatic, light, and refreshing, it will leave you wanting more.
If you like a Flat White -
Then you should try our Primitivo. If you’ve broken free of your habit of ordering the same latte over and over, then try a more obscure and delicious red like our Primitivo. It’s a gorgeous ruby-red, absolutely delectable, and anything but disappointing!
If you like a Sweet Blended Frappé -
You’ll love our Moscato! It’s fun, sweet, and carefree. Created from Muscat of Alexandria, this sparkling dessert wine is perfect for anyone with a bit of a sweet tooth and an appreciation for a chilled, expressive sip!
If you like Hot Black Coffee -
Then you should order up a glass (or a bottle) of our Riserva Cabernet Sauvignon! We agree that there is no harm in appreciating the classics, especially when they are created with care and full of every flavor you love.
If you like a Pumpkin Spice Latte -
Enjoy our Riserva Petite Sirah! This big, bold Petite Sirah is a luscious symphony of flavor, with rich baking spices right on the nose. If you like the flavors of autumn, then this is perfect for you.
If you like a straight Espresso Shot -
Try our Infinitum Dessert Wine. This Port-style wine is rich in flavor and curiously delicious in small quantities. You’ll find you’re always wishing for a few more drops.
If it's not coffee time, then it must be time for wine, right? Let us know your favorite things to sip @rubinoestates.
Veronica, the maiden of Autumn, looks out over the Estate.
Now that our harvest is in full swing, there is never a dull moment in the cellar as our Winemaker and his team work their magic on the fruit to craft wines from the best of the best. As the labor of harvest time progresses, we can’t help but dream of the beauty and wonder of fall. Throughout history, the autumnal season of harvest has been the focus of many myths, folktales, superstition, and poetry. To harvest is to join in the rich and storied history of millennia of farmers and their toil. To celebrate the richness of fall is to join in the festivities of many generations before us. Today, we’ll endeavor to do both by diving into the charming stories, traditions, and superstitions of days gone by.
Autumn is one of the most stunning times of year, as the world turns from lush green tones into shocking yellow, burnt orange, and rich scarlet. Prior to the modern era, this season would define the seasons to come. Scarce harvests threatened their livelihoods. From the crucial nature of Autumn and harvest sprang forth superstitions of every kind.
Native American Cherokee lore stated that the pattern of the fall season was set forth early in the life of the world. An injured sparrow sought shelter during harsh weather, visiting oak, maple, and other leafed trees, but all rejected him. Only the pine, with his bushy needles, accepted and protected the sparrow. Because of their callous treatment of the sparrow, the other trees were cursed to lose their leaves every year when the harsh weather was on its way.
In other traditions, It was thought that the earlier the colors of fall peaked on the trees, the milder the winter would be. If a red rose bloomed in the fall, it was taken as an omen that a marriage was in store for someone in the nearest home. Anyone spry enough to catch a leaf as it fell from a tree before reaching the ground would be safe from colds that winter.
Autumnal superstitions still impact our lives today. The old English calendar had “quarter days,” events marking their times and seasons in March, June, September, and December. Michaelmas, the quarter day of autumn, fell on September 29th and marked the deadline for harvesting. This is why the school year traditionally began in September.
Old harvesting practices also gave the “Harvest Moon” its title. It is the name given to the full moon closest to the Autumnal Equinox, which appears unusually close to sunset and would give field laborers valuable light to continue working by. These workers were traditionally supplied with a large ration of hard cider each day. Often the farmer’s wives would also lay a “teatime” spread for the workers, as going home to eat would waste valuable daylight. At that time, a single field worker could be expected to harvest one acre per workday. In the 1870s, the horse-drawn reaper binder represented a huge forward step in harvest technology, because 2 men could harvest an acre in a single hour when using this device. How far we have come!
Autumn begins to touch the Estate with a crimson kiss.
Harvest 2021 is officially underway here at Rubino Estates! We have begun to bring in the fruit for our white wines and Rosé, and we anticipate a busy and productive phase as our Winemaker and cellar team begin the process of turning grapes into the wine you know and love. This process involves taking tons (yes, literal tons) of grapes and transforming them into irresistible vino. For anyone wondering how much wine comes from a ton of grapes? We're glad you asked! Below, we've included some of our favorite "wine math" to answer all your burning questions.
How many barrels and bottles is a ton?
One ton (2,000 pounds) of grapes produces about 756 bottles of wine, enough to fill 2.5 barrels. Each barrel of wine holds about 25 cases worth—this means that our standard barrels contain roughly 300 bottles in volume. Each of these barrels requires around 1200-1500 clusters to fill.
How many grape clusters do you need to make a bottle or a glass of wine?
It takes about 5 full clusters to make a bottle of wine, and each standard-sized bottle contains about 5 glasses of wine. Therefore, a cluster of grapes yields approximately one glass of wine. If each glass contains a cluster, then it should not be a difficult leap to discern the quantity of grapes in each glass.
So, how many grapes are in a glass of wine?
Alas, there is no straightforward answer. It depends on everything from varietal to winemaking technique. This answer isn't as satisfying as we'd like, however, so we'll go with a safe average of about 80 grapes in a glass of wine and 400 grapes in each bottle.
For any wine enthusiasts (or math enthusiasts) who want to know more about these numbers, it's important to note that all of the numbers listed above can actually have an immense amount of variability depending on a wide range of factors. The weight of grape clusters is influenced by variables such as sugar content or weather (grapes may be plump from rain). Furthermore, the number of individual grapes that go into a bottle or glass of wine will depend on the press processes performed by the winemaker, the thickness of the grape skin, and more. Now you know! Happy sipping!
Bonus fact: assuming the figures listed above are correct, it takes roughly 120,000 grapes to fill a single barrel. It's worth it.
Each morning, the Estate is holding its breath. Any day, the harvest will begin and our winemaker and his team will begin their labor of love, transforming the bounty into the wines we will enjoy for many years to come. The vines are full, ripe, and almost ready. As shown above, clusters in our Riserva Sangiovese block ripen to perfection. Below, Sauvignon Blanc grapes glow in the first light of the day.
These gorgeous green-skinned grapes will find their way into our 2021 Fumé Blanc.
Here, the sunlight has not quite evaporated the dew that lingers from the morning's fog on a promising cluster destined for our Riserva Petite Sirah.
The sunlight graces our Chardonnay with a breathtaking golden glow in a way that we can't help but look forward to the beauty of what the bottles will hold.
Our Riserva Barbera is fruitful and picturesque, perfect for nature lovers and wine lovers alike.
In our Landmark Barbera block, the sun peeks through and begins to warm the air and bring on the day. The deep purple fruit continues to mature, growing ever closer to harvest time.
Our winemaker has closely monitored every facet of the vineyard and predicts that our Sauvignon Blanc grapes will be ready first, even within the next few days. Fumé Blanc lovers, rejoice!
Meanwhile, our Riserva Cabernet Sauvignon is patiently ripening into a gorgeous dark hue, ready to be appreciated by wine lovers of all kinds.
The vineyard has an uncommon type of beauty in this season. If you would like to see it up close, perhaps you'll love our Duck Tour—click here for details.
August may be coming to an end, but we're still taking time to celebrate summer! If you're looking for a recipe for the last of this year's peaches, this pie is a worthy dish. This elevated take on a delicious classic is bursting with fresh flavors and a touch of warm spice, perfect for pairing with a chilled glass of our Moscato.
Blueberry Peach Pie
- 2 unbaked pie crusts (top & bottom)
- 3 cups sliced and peeled peaches (about 4-5 medium peaches)
- 1 cup fresh blueberries
- 1 cup brown sugar
- Zest & juice of 1 meyer lemon
- 1/2 tsp ground cinnamon
- 1/4 teaspoon ground allspice
- Pinch of salt
- 1/4 cup flour or cornstarch
- Sparkling sugar
- Optional - blanch the peaches to make peeling easier. Simply place in boiling water for 60 seconds then plunge into an ice bath; the skin will peel off.
- In a medium-sized bowl, combine peaches, blueberries, lemon juice, sugar, and spices. Allow to macerate for at least 30 minutes.
- While the filling sits, prepare a standard pie dish with the bottom crust and preheat oven to 400 °F.
- Add salt and flour or cornstarch to the pie filling and stir well to combine. Pour into the prepared pie shell.
- Top the pie with the upper crust. For a more elaborate top, feel free to create a lattice weave. Crimp the edges and top with sparkling sugar.
- Bake at 400°F for 40 minutes. If the crust begins to darken too much add a loose layer of foil around the edges.
- Cool completely and serve with vanilla bean ice cream and Rubino Estates Moscato Sparkling Dessert Wine.
Our Duck Tour is a lively adventure through our story and proud Estate, full of gorgeous views and unforgettable amusement. This week, we want to take some time to appreciate the little things and the beauty in the details.
The closer you look, the more details you might find. We've found that paying attention to the smallest details makes the whole experience better than ever.
Our Duck Boat is a registered historical DUKW vehicle, originally manufactured in the 1940s. Not only has it been meticulously restored, it has been transformed into the USS Rubino—the best vessel for a panoramic excursion through our vineyard estate.
The careful craftsmanship evident in every little detail makes the Duck look right at home among the vines of your favorite wines.
If you tend to get seasick, don't worry—our Duck Tour won't take you into the water. Instead, this land voyage takes you on an unforgettable tour where you'll be immersed in the story of your favorite wines, from stem to bottle. Come aboard for a tour like no other in a vessel you'll never forget!
"What you pay attention to matters, but maybe what matters most is the kind of attention you pay."
If you're looking for a Californian celebration of Old World style and delicious Italian flair, then you're probably looking for our Primitivo. This elegant wine is Zinfandel's Italian cousin, full of deep fruit flavor and framed with vanilla and spices. Our Primitivo is also an absolute gem for pairing, with delicious flexibility across many flavors and cuisines. Call it playful or call it polished, one of our favorite Primitivo pairings is pizza. If you want to play around with flavors, try making your own pizza at home! We've included a few ideas below. If you'd rather order out that's okay—we'll never tell. You simply can't beat the combination of an Italian dish with Italian wine!
Hatch Green Chile Chicken Pizza - A Pleasant Little Kitchen
Enjoy a hint of spice with this pizza! The green chiles lend a kick which is balanced out by the body of our Primitivo. The creaminess of the sauce is the perfect compliment for the wine's acidity and tannins, and will definitely have you reaching for another slice.
Caprese Salad Pizza - Kiran Turan
Looking to elevate your pizza with a fresh, summery take on a classic? This pizza is a must-try. We recommend market-fresh heirloom tomatoes for a splash of color and unbeatable flavor. Use fresh basil for the best, most mouthwatering results. We're hungry now!
Italian Sausage and Caramelized Onion - Bread Booze Bacon
If there's a better indulgent combination for pizzas, we haven't found it. The light jammy characteristics of the Primitivo meld with the sweet and savory dynamic of the caramelized onions. Select authentic Italian sausage with a little bit of spice and you may have a new favorite.
Garlic & Fennel Mushroom Pizza - Life is but a Dish
Aromatic, picturesque, and surprisingly simple, this pizza is a great call if you have store-bought dough on hand and want to make something tasty, classy, and quick! The earthy mushrooms combined with the gentle flavor of the caramelized fennel tastes like they were made to be enjoyed with Primitivo.
Classic Deep Dish Pizza - Ambitious Kitchen
Of course, if you're a deep-dish lover, there's options for you! This recipe allows for ample customization for the perfect pizza pie. As for us, we truly believe you can't go wrong with a classic margherita-style pizza, so it's time to slice some fresh mozzarella and basil, and bake it to perfection!